4U Law

Class Outline

Note: Classes will proceed in the order indicated below. Students are responsible to check off the classes as they are completed and to always be mindful of the objectives and requirements associated with the next class. Students are expected to complete any required reading and print off any handouts for a given class BEFORE that class.


Unit #1: Our Legal Heritage

Lesson: 1A     (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Introduction to Legal Analysis: facts, issue, ratio, holding, positive statements, normative statements
References: text, chapter #1, pages 12-17, class notes

Lesson: 1B     (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Introduction to the Study of Law: law, justice, jurisprudence, jurists, the rule of law
References: text, chapter #2; class notes; student survey

Lesson: 2    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Sources of Law: Primary Sources of Law: Religion, Customs & Conventions, Social & Political Philosophy; Secondary Sources of Law: Constitution, Statutes or Acts, Regulations and Orders-in-Council, Case Law
References: text, chapter #2; class notes

Lesson: 3    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Classifying the Law: substantive vs. procedural law, case law vs. statute law, domestic vs. international law, private law vs. public law
References: text, chapter #2; class notes

Lesson: 4    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Canada's Court System: provincial courts, superior courts, courts of appeal, and the Supreme Court of Canada
References: text, chapter #5; class notes
[This material is not required under the 2005 curriculum document.]

Lesson: 5    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: The Development of Earlier Legal Concepts; Natural law: idealism, rationalism, virtue ethics, Justinian Code, and eternal versus natural versus human law.
References: text, chapter #3; class notes

Lesson: 6    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: The Development of Earlier Legal Concepts; Positive law: positive law, social contract theory, authenticity versus social morality, utilitarianism, and legal positivism
References: text, chapter #3; class notes

Lesson: 7    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: The Development of Case and Statute Law: William the Conqueror and the feudal system (1066), Henry II and the court system (1054-1189), King John and the Magna Carta (1215), to Simon de Montfort and English parliament (1265) 
References: text, PowerPoint; chapter #5

Lesson: 8    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: The Development of Canadian Legal Independence: the British North America Act of 1867; the Statute of Westminster; the Constitution Act, 1982
References: text, PowerPoint; chapter #5

Lesson: 9-10    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Canada's Constitution: Blueprint for Law: the distribution of legislative powers, the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, the amending formula associated with constitutional reform, residual powers, ultra vires, intra vires
References: text, chapter #5, class notes

Checkbox Lessons: 11 - 14   (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Field Study Presentations

Lesson: 11     (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Canadian Constitutional Amendments: Meech Lake Accord, Charlottetown Accord; various constitutional amendments since 1982
References: text, chapter #5; class notes

Lesson: 12     (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: The Supreme Court: role as interpreter of the constitution; legislative authority, appeal process, selection of Supreme Court Justices, quorums, decisions and rulings
References: Power Point

Lesson: 13     (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: The Supreme Court: criticisms of the Supreme Court: redirecting power from elected officials, emphasizing individual freedoms over societal needs, allowing guilty parties to go unpunished
References: Power Point

Lesson: 14     (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Unit 1 Review: The History & Nature of Law: The History of Law
Reference: review sheet

Lesson: 15     (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Unit Test 1: The History & Nature of Law: The History of Law
Reference: review sheet

Checkbox Lesson: 16     (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Unit Test 1 Take Up: The History & Nature of Law: The History of Law
Reference: review sheet

 

Methods of Legal Inquiry (Intermittent Unit)

Checkbox Lessons: 17-19    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Field Study: The Field Study Project (FSP) consists of the following components: learning about field studies, designing a field study, applying for an ethical review, conducting the study, writing-up the study, presenting the results, and publishing the study’s purpose, methodology, and results.

Checkbox Lessons: 20-21    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Self-Directed Civic Engagement Project: The Self-Directed Civic Engagement Project is a completely self-directed project. The only requirement is that the student attempt to engage his local, national, or global community in an effort to exert a positive influence on an existing legal issue.

Lesson: 22    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: ISP - Developing a Thesis: Types of papers, elements of a thesis, placement of thesis in the essay; structure and objectives of the introduction; errors in logic (post-hoc fallacy, hyperbole, circular arguments, and "armchair philosophy" [tautology, truism, assumption, and speculation]).
References: Developing a Thesis, and The Art of Argument

 

(Field Study Seminar Unit. Students Select from the following topics.)

box Lesson: FS1    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Labour Unions in Canada: history of labour unions in Canada; closed, union and agency shops; collective bargaining; mediation, arbitration, strike, and lockouts; the future of organized labour
Text Reference: Text, chapter #12; handout: "History of Labour in Canada"

box Lesson: FS2    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Seminar Work Period
Reference: (various handouts and text page references are provided in the lesson plans below)

box Lesson: FS3    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Labour Regulations: Canada Labour Code and the Ontario Labour Relations Act: 
Text Reference: Text, chapter #12

box Lesson: FS4    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Pay Equity: Pay Equity Act, The Pay Equity Commission, and the Pay Equity Hearings Tribunal  
Text Reference: Text, chapter #6, page 178; chapter 8, pages 228 - 229; handout: "Pay Equity versus Equal Pay"

box Lesson: FS5    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Ontario's Employment Standards and Ontario's Environmental Bill of Rights: Employment Standards Act, minimum wages, hours of work, etc.; Environmental Bill of Rights, 1993
Text Reference: Text, chapter #12, pages 372-373; chapter 13

box Lesson: FS6    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Environmental Regulation: the Environmental Protection Act and the Environmental Assessment Act:
Text Reference: Text, chapter #13

 

Unit #2: Criminal Law and Adjudication

Theme A: Criminal Law

Lesson: 23    (Date Completed: _______________________)   
Topic: Introduction to Criminal Law: legal definitions of crime; categories of crime and criminal laws; relationship between law and morality
Reference: text, chapter #9, pages 275-282

Lesson: 24    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic:
Indictable, summary, and hybrid offences : implications for: charges (when they can be laid relative to the incident), arrest (when and how it can occur), the trier-of-fact (judge or jury), sentencing (options)
Reference: text, chapter #9, pages 275-282

Lesson: 25    (Date Completed: _______________________)    
Topic:
elements required to prove guilt: mens rea and actus reus
Reference: text, chapter #9, pages 275-282

Lesson: 26    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic:
exceptions to actus reus requirement: incomplete crimes: aiding, abetting, accessory after the fact
Reference: text, chapter #9, pages 281-282

Lesson: 27    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic:
forms of mens rea: intent (objective and subjective), recklessness, and willful blindness
Reference: text, chapter #9, pages 281-282

Lesson: 28    (Date Completed: _______________________)    
Topic:
exceptions to mens rea requirement: strict liability and absolute liability offences
Reference: text, chapter #9, pages 275-282

Lesson: 29    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: contemporary arrest procedures: arrest with and without a warrant, citizen's arrest
Reference: text, chapter #10, pages 297-303

Lesson: 30    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: rights upon arrest: citizen's rights regarding arrest, detention, and search
Reference: text, chapter #10, pages 297-306

 

Unit #2, Theme B: The Adjudication Process

Lesson: 31    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Introduction to the ISP: establishing parameters for topics, developing a position on an issue, developing supporting arguments, developing a thesis statement
Reference: Developing a Thesis Statement, Developing an Annotated Bibliography, Developing a Thesis Structure

Lesson: 32    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Historical Methods of Adjudication: adversarial methods
Reference: text, chapter #10, pages 281 - 284; 290 - 291; 292 - 302

Lesson: 33    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Inquisitional Methods of Adjudication: inquisitional methods
Reference: text, chapter #10, pages 281 - 284; 290 - 291; 292 - 302

Lesson: 34    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: thesis proposal seminar
Reference: online resources linked to assignment

Lesson: 35    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Pre-trial Procedures: first appearance, indictment, plea (guilty or not guilty), bail hearing
Reference: text, chapter #10, pages 305-316

Lesson: 36    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Pre-trial Procedures Continued: disclosure meeting, R. v. Stinchcombe, 1992, preliminary hearing
Reference: text, chapter #10, pages 305-316

Lesson: 37A    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Pre-trial Procedures Continued: pre-trial, agreed statement of facts, plea-bargaining
Reference: text, chapter #10, pages 305-316

box Lesson: 37B    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Trial Procedures: Trial Process
Reference: text, chapter #10, pages 305-316

Lesson: 38    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Annotated Bibliography (ISP)
Reference: online resources linked to assignment

Lesson: 38    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Mock Trial Work Period: trial outcome objectives versus witness examination objectives, opening statements, direct examinations, cross-examinations, closing arguments
Reference: OBA Case Brief; Handout entitled "Mock Trial Strategy Workshop"

Lesson: 39    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Rules Regarding the Examination of Witnesses: examination-in-chief, cross examination, leading questions, self-incrimination; material, eye, and expert witnesses
Reference: text, chapter #10, pages 314-328

Lesson: 39B    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Rules Regarding the Character of the Accused: the general rule, simlar fact evidence, Corbett application

Reference: text, chapter #10, pages 314-328

Lesson: 40    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Statements and Confessions right to remain silent, admissibility of statements, interrogation techniques, false confessions
Reference: text, chapter #10, pages 314-318

Lesson: 41    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Forms of Evidence: direct, circumstantial, real, demonstrative
Reference: text, chapter #10, pages 314-328

Lesson: 42
Topic: Forms of Defence Established in Case Law: automatism, intoxication, mistake of fact, mistake of law (i.e. officially induced mistake of law), self-defence, provocation, entrapment, necessity, and "battered woman syndrome"
Reference: text, chapter #9, pages 238 - 250; PowerPoint: "Exploring Defences Established in Case Law";

Lesson: 43
Topic: Statutory Rules Regarding Defences
Reference: text, chapter #9; PowerPoint: "Exploring Statutory Rules Regarding Defences"; handout: Defence, or Not a Defence?

Lesson: 44
Topic: mock trial work period
Reference: OBA Case Brief; Handout entitled "Mock Trial Strategy Workshop"

Lesson: 45
Topic: mock trial
Reference: OBA Case Brief; Handout entitled "Mock Trial Strategy Workshop"

Lesson: 46
Topic: mock trial debriefing / Criminal Law and Adjudication Unit Test Review: plenary discussion on the mock trial experience, feedback from course instructor and trial adjudicator
Reference: OBA Case Brief; Handout entitled "Mock Trial Strategy Workshop"

box Lesson: 47
Topic: Criminal Law and Adjudication Unit Test


International Law (Independent Research Unit)

Lesson: 77    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: The Origins of International Law; the legal nature of international law; sources of international law.
Reference: Text, chapter #14, pages 444 - 467

Lesson: 78   (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Issues in International Law
Text Reference: Text, chapter #14, pages 457 - 459

Lesson: 79    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Collective Security: the League of Nations; the United Nations
Reference: Text, chapter #15, pages 474 - 486

Lesson: 80    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Resolving International Disputes: peacefully and with force
Reference: text, chapter #15, pages 487 - 491, and 493 - 500

Lesson: 81    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Unit Test: International Law
Reference: (see review sheet)


Unit #3: Human Rights In Canada

Lesson: 59A    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Introduction to Human Rights: Exploring Canada's pre-Bill of Rights history. Christie v. York, and the failure of case law to safeguard human rights in Canada
References: text, chapter #6; political self-analysis (handout)

Box Lesson: 59B    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948, and the development of federal and provincial human rights legislation (Bill of Rights, Canadian Human Rights Act; Ontario Human Rights Code, Charter of Rights and Freedoms)
References: text, chapter #6; political self-analysis (handout)

Lesson: 60    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: The Bill of Rights; Contrasting the Bill of Rights with the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
References: text, chapter #6

Lesson: 61    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Exploring the Ontario Human Rights Code: scope of the code (area and grounds); prohibited activities: harassment, sexual harassment, poisoned environment, constructive discrimination, systemic discrimination
Reference: text, chapters #6; class notes

 

Lesson: 62    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Exploring the Ontario Human Rights Commission: the OHRC complaint process, the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario, remedies under the Ontario Human Rights Code

Reference: text, chapters #6; class notes

Lesson: 63    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Enforcement of Human Rights in Ontario: case studies of human rights complaints in Ontario
Reference: text, chapter #6; class notes

Lesson: 64    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Exploring the Canadian Human Rights Act: purpose of the Act, scope of the Act (area and grounds)
Reference: text, chapters #6

Lesson: 65    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Exploring the Canadian Human Rights Commission : CHRC complaint process, the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal, remedies under the Canadian Human Rights Act
Reference: text, chapters #6

Lesson: 66    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Exploring the Charter of Rights and Freedoms: guaranteed rights and freedoms
Reference: chapters #7

Lesson: 67    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Exploring limitations to the Charter of Rights and Freedoms: limitations of the Charter; criticisms of the Charter
Reference: chapters #6, 7 and 8

Lesson: 68    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Exploring the proportionality test: landmark cases regarding the proportionality test; R. v. Oakes, 1986; R. v. Butler, 1992
Reference: chapters #6, 7 and 8

Lesson: 69    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Unit Review: Human Rights and Freedoms
Reference: review sheet

Lesson: 70    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Unit test: Human Rights and Freedoms
Reference: review sheet; text: chapters 6, 7, and 8.

 

Supplemental Unit (if time allows): Criminology and Corrections

Lesson: 49    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: The Nature of Crime: empiricist versus nativist theories regarding the causes of criminal behaviour; corrective measures
Reference: text, chapter #9, pages 238 - 250; Video: Minds to Crime

Lesson: 50   (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Introduction to Corrections: political and ideological perspectives regarding corrections; traditional versus emerging objectives of sentencing
Reference: text, chapter #12, pages 368 - 377
Note: Independent Study Project topic approval due January 8th

Lesson: 51    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: sentencing alternatives: diversion programs, suspended sentences, and discharges
Reference: text, chapter #12, pages 378 - 386

Lesson: 52    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: sentencing alternatives: the penal system versus alternative means of dealing with convicted criminals
Reference: text, chapter #12, pages 378 - 386

Lesson: 53    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: the sentencing process: pre-sentence reports; victim impact statements; wrongful convictions
Reference: text, chapter #12, pages 386 - 391

Lesson: 54  (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Appeals: issues of fact versus issues of law; appeals of verdict versus appeals of sentence; latitude for Crown and defence with respect to appeals, appeal process
Reference: text, chapter #12, pages 392 - 396; class notes

Lesson: 55  (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Parole and Release: parole, parole hearing, parole hearing date, parole order, statutory release, and royal prerogative of mercy
Reference: text, chapter #12, pages 392 - 396; class notes

Lesson: 56   (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Parole and Probation Orders: duration of order, revocation of order, language of the order, conditions (compulsory and optional), duties of the probation / parole officer, frequency of reporting
Reference: text, chapter #12, pages 392 - 396; class notes

Lesson: 57   (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Unit Review: Criminology and Corrections
Reference: review sheet

Lesson: 58   (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: Unit Test: Criminology and Corrections
Reference: review sheet

 

Exam Preparation

Lesson: 82    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: *** Exam Review ***
Reference: (see exam review sheet)

Lesson: 83    (Date Completed: _______________________)
Topic: *** Exam Review ***
Reference: (see exam review sheet)

 


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